Stomach Cancer Surgery
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second–leading cause of death worldwide. It is the first leading cause of death in Asian and Eastern European countries.
While the rates decreases in Western societies, 5 year survival chance is % 27.
In general, the risk of developing stomach cancer is calculated to be 1 increased in individuals with a family history of the disease, anemia and blood type A.
Diets containing high amounts of salted and smoked food is associated with an increased risk of cancer. People who take high amounts of vitamin C and E and consume plenty of vegetables and fruits have a lower risk of developing cancer. Frozen foods are also not recommended. Tobacco use is known to be a risk factor but alcohol has no effect on the development of gastric cancer.
Infection with Helicobacter pylori increases the risk of stomach cancer, three times more compared to healthy people. The risk of it increases on gastric ulcer patients, while the rate is decreases in patients with duodenal ulcer. If there are diseases such as ulcers and gastritis in the stomach with Helicobacter Pylori, treatment for this bacterium should be planned.
Those who carry this virus have 10 percent higher risk of developing gastric cancer.
People with an immediate family member who has had stomach cancer are at higher risk for the condition themselves. These people should be more careful when they experience any stomach disease.
Patients who had undergone gastric surgery are more likely to develop gastric cancer because of the newly performed intestinal transition region. These patients should be closely monitored.
Lack of appetite or unexplained weight loss is a common sign of cancer. Person can feel tired and weak, blood loss may occur. Endoscopy is a major method for early gastric cancer screening.
While surgery is recommended for eligible patients, chemotherapy is an option for patients who cannot undergo surgery.