Stomach Cancer Surgery

Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the secondleading cause of death worldwide. It is the first leading cause of death in Asian and Eastern European countries.

While the rates decreases in Western societies, 5 year survival chance is % 27.

In general, the risk of developing stomach cancer is calculated to be 1 increased in individuals with a family history of the disease, anemia and blood type A.

 

Eating habits

Diets containing high amounts of salted and smoked food is associated with an increased risk of cancer. People who take high amounts of vitamin C and E and consume plenty of vegetables and fruits have a lower risk of developing cancer. Frozen foods are also not recommended. Tobacco use is known to be a risk factor but alcohol has no effect on the development of gastric cancer.

 

Helicobacter Pylori

Infection with Helicobacter pylori increases the risk of stomach cancer, three times more compared to healthy people. The risk of it increases on gastric ulcer patients, while the rate is decreases in patients with duodenal ulcer. If there are diseases such as ulcers and gastritis in the stomach with Helicobacter Pylori, treatment for this bacterium should be planned.

 

Epstein-Barr Virus

Those who carry this virus have 10 percent higher risk of developing gastric cancer.

 

Genetic inheritance

People with an immediate family member who has had stomach cancer are at higher risk for the condition themselves.  These people should be more careful when they experience any stomach disease.

Gastric diseases which could be responsible for stomach cancer
Polyps: Polyps are usually abnormal, benign growths of tissue in organs.  If a polyp is found in the body it must be removed. Size of 2 centimeter or more tumors have a greater tendecy for developing cancer.

Atrophic Gastritis: Atrophic gastritis is a chronic condition that causes inflammation of the stomach lining over a long time. It increases the risk stomach cancer.

Intestinal Metaplasia: It is a condition in which the cells that create the lining of thestomach are changed or replaced. It’s considered as a precancerous condition.

Stomach ulcers: These ulsers are open wounds which can be infected by a bacteria easily. It causes mutations in the DNA and damages the cells of the stomach lining. Long-standing inflammation can lead to stomach cancer.

Patients who had undergone gastric surgery are more likely to develop gastric cancer because of the newly performed intestinal transition region. These patients should be closely monitored.

Lack of appetite or unexplained weight loss is a common sign of cancer. Person can feel tired and weak, blood loss may occur. Endoscopy is a major method for early gastric cancer screening.

While surgery is recommended for eligible patients, chemotherapy is an option for patients who cannot undergo surgery.

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